Archaeology of Northwestern Iran
(Stephan Kroll)
Archaeological Surveys in Northwestern Iran, conducted by Wolfram Kleiss and Stephan Kroll (1967-1991)

Between 1969 and 1978 Wolfram Kleiss, director of the German Archaeological Institute in Tehran, excavated the Urartian fortress at Bastam in co-operation with a team of archaeologist from Iran, Germany, Italy, Canada and the United States. In Addition, from 1967 onwards, he conducted many surveys in Northwestern Iran, covering not only Urartian remains, but all periods from the Neolithic onwards. Probably more than 1000 places of all periods were visited by him, surface finds were collected and plans were drawn. Most of these places were published in numerous articles in the "Archaeologische Mitteilungen aus Iran". Between 1989 and 1991 Stephan Kroll was able to go back to Tehran and work on the prehistoric surface material, collected in the German Institute. Here we try for the first time, to publish a summary of these researches, specially for colleagues in Iran and other countries, where access to German publications is often difficult.

Archaeologcal Sites in Maku Province (German version, first part)

Recent Publications:

Stephan Kroll: “Early Bronze Age settlement patterns in the Urmia Basin”, Archaeologische Mitteilungen aus Iran und Turan 37, 2005 (2007), 115-121
Stephan Kroll: "The Southern Urmia Basin in the Early Iron Age”, Iranica Antiqua 40, 2005, 65-85.
Stephan Kroll: “Prehistoric Settlement Patterns in the Maku and Khoy Regions of Iranian Western Azerbaijan”, in: M Azarnoush (ed.), Proceedings of the International Symposium on Iranian Archaeology: Northwestern Region, Tehran 2004, 45-53.
Stephan Kroll: “Aurel Stein in Hasan Ali. Bemalte frühbronzezeitliche Keramik im Gebiet des Urmia-Sees: 'Hasan Ali Ware'”, in: A View from the Highlands: Archaeological Studies in Honour of Charles Burney (Ancient Near Eastern Studies Supplement no. 12)  edited by Antonio Sagona, Peeters Press: Louvain, 2004, 677-692.
Stephan Kroll: "Medes and Persians in Transcaucasia: archaeological horizons in northwestern-Iran and Transcaucasia”, in: G.B. Lanfranchi, M. Roaf, R. Rollinger, Continuity of Empire (?). Assyria, Media, Persia, (Padova 2003) 282-288.
Stephan Kroll: "Nordwest-Iran in achaimenidischer Zeit. Zur Verbreitung der Classic Triangle Ware“, Archaeologische Mitteilungen aus Iran und Turan, 32, 2000 (2001), 131-138.

Other provinces are still:

Stephan Kroll, 10-May-2010